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Genealogy Resources

Dictionaries and
 Translating Resources

English Language Dictionaries and Thesauruses

Foreign Language Bilingual Dictionaries

  • Applied Language Solutions. This free online resource translates up to 150 words or any Web page between English and 10 different languages, even Chinese. Also includes world maps and online foreign-language dictionaries.
     
  • ARTFL Project- French-English Dictionary Form

  • Bokmålsordboka og Nynorskordboka (Norwegian)

  • (British) English Translated for Americans

  • Diccionario de Regionalismos de la Lengua Española

  • Dictionaries Foreign and English.

  • Directory of Bilingual and Multilingual Dictionaries

  • English-Albanian Dictionaries. Babylon -- This collection of English to Albanian and Albanian to English dictionaries and glossaries provides users and learners of both languages with a rich linguistic resource of terms and definitions with clear and concise translations.

  • English-Arabic Dictionaries. Babylon -- These English to Arabic and Arabic to English Dictionaries are a must for anyone learning one of these languages. They provide the user with clear definitions, synonyms and antonyms in both English and Arabic.

  • English-Chinese Dictionaries. Babylon -- A good dictionary is an essential tool for anyone learning a foreign language. Our Chinese to English and English to Chinese dictionaries feature both Traditional and Simplified Chinese styles as well as an extensive database in both languages. They also feature the all so important Pinyin forms for people who can speak Chinese but do know the Chinese alphabetical system.

  • English-Danish Dictionaries. Babylon -- This collection of English to Danish and Danish to English dictionaries and glossaries provides users and learners of both languages with a rich linguistic resource of terms and definitions with clear and concise translations.

  • English-Dutch Dictionaries. Babylon -- This collection of Dutch to English and English to Dutch dictionaries is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms. It covers a wide range of professional fields. With quick recognition of all inflected and derived forms of every entry, it features a searchable database of over 2 million words, phrases, abbreviations and acronyms. Each entry is complete with part of speech and numerous meanings, enriched with synonyms, explanations, and etymological information.

  • English-French Dictionaries. Babylon -- This collection of French to English and English to French Online Dictionaries not only comprises general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms but also covers a wide range of professional fields. Each entry is complete with part of speech and numerous meanings, enriched with synonyms, explanations, and etymological information.
     
  • English-German Dictionaries. Babylon -- These comprehensive English to German and German to English dictionaries contain words, phrases, abbreviations & acronyms. They also include terms from a vast variety of subjects, such as Medicine, Electronics, Zoology, Business, Computers, Religion, etc., and feature both the American and British forms of spelling.

  • English-Hungarian Dictionaries. Babylon -- This collection of English to Hungarian and Hungarian to English dictionaries and glossaries provides users and learners of both languages with a rich linguistic resource of terms and definitions, from the every day to most technical, with clear and concise translations.

  • English-Indonesian Dictionaries. Babylon -- Selected Indonesian English dictionaries with an unusual linguistic match and a large database which will certainly satisfy the most demanding users involved in the two languages.

  • English-Italian Dictionaries. Babylon -- This comprehensive list of English to Italian and Italian to English dictionaries is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms. It covers a wide range of professional fields. These dictionaries feature all inflected and derived forms of every entry and a searchable database of over 2 million words, phrases, abbreviations and acronyms. Each entry is complete with part of speech and numerous meanings, enriched with synonyms, explanations, and etymological information.
     
  • English-Japanese Dictionaries. Babylon -- These Japanese to English and English to Japanese dictionaries are an exciting searchable database of over 3 million words includes recognition of all possible inflections and derivatives, regardless of what form they are in or what auxiliary word is attached to them. In addition, the Kanji, Hiragana and Katakana forms of writing are all recognized and displayed. In addition, they overcome the unique problem of long undivided texts, and know how to divide them up and extract the relevant words and phrases from within the texts.

  • English-Portuguese Dictionaries. Babylon -- This extensive collection of Portuguese to English and English to Portuguese dictionaries is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms. It covers a wide range of professional fields. With quick recognition of all inflected and derived forms of every entry, it features a searchable database of over 2 million words, phrases, abbreviations and acronyms. Each entry is complete with part of speech and numerous meanings, enriched with synonyms, explanations, and etymological information. They also feature both the American and British/Brazilian and European forms of spelling.

  • English-Russian Dictionary

  • English-Spanish Dictionaries. Babylon -- This collection of English to Spanish and Spanish to English dictionaries is an extensive language resource, comprised of general, encyclopedic, slang & informal terms. They cover a wide range of professional fields. With quick recognition of all inflected and derived forms of every entry, they feature a searchable database of over 2 million words, phrases, abbreviations and acronyms. Each entry is complete with part of speech and numerous meanings, enriched with synonyms, explanations, and etymological information.
     
  • English-Swahili Dictionaries. Babylon -- The Swahili English dictionary offers an easy approach to the Swahili language with simple translations into this major Bantu language of an elementary and general English vocabulary. As well, you shall find a Kiswahili IT Glossary, with computer and internet vocabulary that is a useful, quick-reference resource.

  • Esperanto to English Translation Dictionary

  • Eurodicautom (Multiple European Languages)

  • foreignword.com (Words in 58 languages)

  • Free Online Bidirectional English-Japanese Dictionary

  • French Dictionary (Thresor de la langue française, 1606)
     
  • iLoveLanguages (Tyler Chambers)
     
  • The Internet Dictionary Project (English-Spanish-German-Italian)
     
  • Internet Living Swahili Dictionary

  • Islamic Dictionary

  • Italian - English On - Line Dictionary

  • Japanese-English Dictionary Portal

  • Language Dictionaries and Translators (Bigben)
     
  • Latin Dictionary (This resource at the University of Notre Dame translates English-Latin and Latin-English; allows searching by stem of words; and includes a link to Word by William Whitaker, Latin to English with 39,000 entries.)

  • LEO English-German Dictionary

  • Lexin: Swedish-English Dictionary
     
  • Lin Yutang's Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage
     
  • LOGOS Dictionary ( English, French, Italian, Estonian and Cantonese)

  • Logosdictionary (Logos Language Service provides this multilingual dictionary, which has entries posted by individuals. The entries are concise, neatly normatted, and correspond to multiple meanings. This service translates into dozens of languages and dialects and uses icons, such as flags, to designate the country where the language is spoken.)

  • Multitran (A dictionary that offers alphabetic, morphologic, and phrase searches for English-Russian and Russian English.)

  • On-Line Chinese Tools
     
  • OneLook (Over 900 dictionaries)

  • Online English to Indonesian to English Dictionary

  • Online English to Portuguese to English Dictionary

  • Online English to Russian to English Dictionary

  • Online English to Spanish to English Dictionary

  • Online English to Swahili to English Dictionary

  • Online English to Swedish to English Dictionary

  • Say Hello to the World

  • Translating Dictionaries  Travlang's  - Translates German, Danish, Dutch, Spanish, French, Portuguese, Norwegian, Italian, Swedish, Finnish, Hungarian, Czech, Latin.

  • Translating Page

  • Translation (AltaVista)
     
  • Verbix (A tool for conjugating verbs in many languages, although some entries are still under construction.)

  • WordReference (This site concentrates on translations of English, French, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish as either the target or the source language.)

  • yourDictionary.com (In this portal site, select from 300 languages and search for a term in multiple languages or search for synonyms and antonyms for the term in the target language. These multilingual dictionaries have an overwhelming wealth of resources with hyperlinks to other bilingual glossaries on specialized topics, such as library science, gymnastics, computer terms and wine.))

Foreign Language Translators and Glossaries

  • Alphas Dictionary.com (This site directs users to the "best" multilingual dictionaries.

  • AltaVista  (BabelFish)

  • Babel Port (This portal page for translators has many unique tools with useful customizable features for members.)

  • Beolingus (On this site from Chemnitz University of Technology is a German-English, English-German and German-Spanish, Spanish-German translation service.)

  • Chartered Institute of Linguists (This site has links to 5,000 dictionaries and "knowledge banks," such as Lexicool (www.lexicool.com), where the search engine looks at target and source languages and subject areas.)

  • Dyer Laboratories, Inc. (This site offers advance glossaries for scientific and technical translations, such as Chromatography, Microbiology, and Direarms in German and English and Optical Microscopy in French, English, German, and Spanish.)
     
  • Eurodicautom (European Commission Translation Service)

  • Foreign Word (The language site)

  • Free Translation (To get gist of foreign language)

  • Go Translators (This site is a directory of translators in 30 languages, but also includes dictionaries, lexicons, glossaries, vocabulary lists, and mailing lists. The user selects source and target language as well as subject area.)

  • Greek and Latin Language Resources (This resource is on Bruce MacLennan's homepage at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville site.)

  • Health Information Translations (This resource, sponsored by several medical centers in Ohio, provides education and procedural instructions about health topics for patients with limited English proficiency.)

  • Interactive Terminology for Europe (formerly EuroDicAutom Europa) (At this site is the European Commission's glossary. Find terms within politics, international relations, economics, law or European communities in 24 source languages that are spoken in the European Union.)

  • Jergas (This site has Spanish slang terms from different Spanish-speaking countries. It is monolingual but is up-to-date with detailed explanations of the terms.)

  • Language Links (This site from the University of Wisconsin contains links from language types or regions to dozens of dictionaries and glossaries.)

  • Naked Translation (This translator's blog by Celine Graciet is not only full of useful sources and interesting linguistic tidbits, but also lists links to dozens of other blogs about translations.)

  • The Perseus Digital Library (The Perseus Project is an evolving digital library focused on humanities resources. This site includes Greek and Roman materials).

  • ProZ.com (This site has a directory of translators and also offers resources for translators.)

  • Spanish Translator Services (This site is noted for its bilingual resources in English and Spanish, which include financial and accounting dictionaries, glossaries, abbreviations and acronyms, tools that convert and translate temperature, metrics and currency, and a forum with 2250 active members.)

  • UCLA Language Materials Project (This Web-based teaching guide has common, as well as less commonly taught, language resources.)

  • WordReference.com (Translate English to Spanish, Italian, French and German)

Genealogical Dictionaries

  • Drake, Paul.  What Did They Mean by That? A Dictionary of Historical and Genealogical Terms Old and New. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 2003.

  • Evans, Barbara Jean. A to Zax: A Comprehensive Dictionary for Genealogists & Historians. Alexandria, VA: Hearthside Press, 1995. "A compilation of thousands of little-used or old-fashioned words and abbreviations ... [including] medical, geographical, foreign, historical, legal, relational, occupational, household, religious, colloquial, monetary, ethnic" terms and a quick list of nicknames and of Dutch given names.

Legal Dictionaries

  • Black, Henry Campbell. Black's Law Dictionary: Definitions of the Terms and Phrases of American and English Jurisprudence, Ancient and Modern. St. Paul, Minnesota: West Publishing Co., [periodically updated].

  • LawGuru: Legal Term Dictionary. This Dictionary is based on the 1856 Edition of the Bouviers Law Dictionary. Although the legal dictionary is pretty old, many of the definitions are still proper (since most legal terms in use today were coined well before 1856). This database contains 6,500+ definitions.

Specialized Dictionaries