Maps and Geographical Finding Aids
1914 County Maps by State.
This is from a book found while tearing down an
old shed. There was no cover, and the last page was missing,
which Janie Edwards believes was Nevada and Washington. The maps
are dated 1910-1914. That is why she called them 1914 maps,
that's when it ended. The name at the top says Atlas of the
- ACME Mapper.
This is a high-precision general purpose mapping application,
based on Google Maps
with a bunch of things added on.
Alabama Maps -- Historic Maps, University of Alabama.
Alabama Maps is an ongoing project the Cartographic Research
Laboratory, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Alabama
to digitize their historic maps for free use on the Internet.
Contains maps related to Alabama, but has maps from every state.
This is one of the best U.S. map collections online, heavy on
the Southeast areas of the United States.
The Alexandria Digital Library Gazetteer/Server Client.
The largest online gazetteer. Currently it contains: data from
the NGA (formerly NIMA) Gazetteer, a set of countries and U.S.
counties, set of U.S. topographic map quadrangle footprints, set
of volcanoes, and set of earthquake epicenters. The GNIS data
from the U.S. Geological Survey has been partly added to the
- All The
Worlds Maps - Embassy World
American FactFinder New site from the U.S. Census Bureau
replacing the TIGER Mapping System.
American Memory: Library of Congress Map Collections, 1544-2004
The Library of Congress holds the world's largest collection of
maps. The American Memory collection is a selected sampling and
is heavy on historical references.
Ancestry.com Map Collection. Has thousands of maps available
for online viewing and printing. Subscription product.
Applied Language Solutions. This free online resource
translates up to 150 words or any Web page between English and
10 different languages, even Chinese. Also includes world maps
and online foreign-language dictionaries.
Arizona State University Libraries: Place Names on the Internet.
- Atlapedia Online
- Boston Public Library.
Thousands of historical maps are available in digital format
from the Boston Public Library.
CIA World Factbook Reference Maps - U.S. and world.
Civil War Maps - Library of Congress
Landform Atlas of the United States (Johns Hopkins
University Applied Physics Lab)
Columbia Gazetteer of North America
- Cyndi's List of
Genealogical Sites on the Internet--Maps, Gazetteers &
Geographical Information. Provides direct links to web sites
where Maps, Gazetteers, Geographic Name Lists, and related
information can be found.
- David Rumsey Map
Collection. Over 13,600 historical maps online. As a map
dealer, David Rumsey's web site is a place to purchase rare
historic maps. The maps are all viewable at this site.
Library of Georgia. The Digital Library of Georgia is a
portal to the state's documented history found in digitized
books, manuscripts, photographs, government documents,
newspapers, maps, audio, video, and other resources. This online
library has over 500,000 images and pages of text in 90
collections from 55 institutions and 80 government agencies.
Color Coded State Maps."
Dudley Knox Library Map Collections. U.S. Naval Postgraduate
School, Monterey, California.
Early Real Estate Insurance Maps of New York. New York
Public Library. Hundreds of real estate maps of Manhattan and
Brooklyn from the 1850s-1860s. Originated by William Perris and
commonly called "fire insurance maps," they show streets,
blocks, tax lots, and use classifications plus earlier natural
and manmade features.
Sanborn Maps. Environmental Data Resources, Inc.'s Sanborn
collection dates from 1866 and includes over 1.2 million Sanborn
maps chronicling the history of approximately 12,000 American
cities and towns.
- 1895 U.S. Atlas.
A colorful reproduction of "The New 11x14 Atlas of the World,"
first published by Rand McNally in 1895, is available at this
site. Although it contained maps of the countries of the world
and the individual states of the United States at that time, it
only contained an index for the United States.
- ePodunk.com. Recently
added, frequently misspelled, and former place names.
- Expedia's Maps
Europe Map Archive
French Colonization of Louisiana and Louisiana Purchase Map
Gazetteers and Place Name Guides
Surname Mapping. Geogen is the short form for "geographical
genealogy" which means location based ancestor
research. On this website you can create maps which show the
distribution of surnames in Germany and Austria. Significant
concentrations can point to a local root of the family or of the
Geographic Names - Getty Thesaurus
- Geographic Names
Information System (GNIS) - Contains information for almost
2 million physical and cultural geographic features in the
United States and its territories. The Federally recognized
name of each feature described in the data base is identified,
and references are made to a feature's location by State,
county, and geographic coordinates. The GNIS is the official
U.S. repository of domestic geographic names information.
GeoNative - A site that deals with Minority and Native
Language place names.
World Place Names Server - GEOnet is a database of World
place names developed from the country gazetteers that were
published by the US Defense Mapping Agency (now the National
Imagery and Mapping Agency). It contains place names for over
3.3 million features throughout the World.
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names - The Getty Thesaurus of
Geographic Names (TGN) provides information on place names
related to art, art history and related subjects, such as
history archeology, and geography.
- Gheos World Atlas 2000 : The
Internet Travel Guide
- Global Gazetteer.
Directory of cities and towns in the world.
- Goldbug - Home of AniMap
- Google Earth.
Contemporary view of a location or to view a specific site.
- Google Maps. Map web
Locater Home Page. Graphical Locater was designed as an aid
for acquiring and refining location data and related measures.
The main graphical interface is useful only for people who
recognize the position of interest when they see it on the maps.
Some users will find it useful to follow along on printed maps
that they are more familiar with.
Hargrett Library Rare Map Collection. - University of
- Harvard Map
- Heavens Above.
Lists Nearest neighboring towns to a given location.
Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century
- Historical County Lines.
Historical Maps of Georgia. University of Georgia. The most
important maps for Georgia online.
Historical Maps of the United States - The Perry-Castañeda
Library Map Collection
Historical Maps on the Web
Home Town Locator Gazetteer
- How Far Is It
HyperHistory Online: Maps
of Early Maps on the Web. This site is part of the
non-commercial WWW-Virtual Library: History site, maintained by
Tony Campbell, map librarian, British Library, London. It is a
portal to over 4,500 map links.
Index of Maps of the Ancient Greek World - Bernard Suzanne
INFOMINE - Maps and GIS
- Interactive Ancient
JewishGen ShtetlSeeker. Search for towns in Central and
Eastern Europe, using exact spelling or the Daitch-Mokotoff
Soundex system. This search will display the latitude and
longitude for each location, the distance/direction from the
country's capital city, and links to maps. List all of the towns
within a certain distance of a given latitude / longitude
coordinates. (You may find these coordinates using the above
Kansas State Historical Society -- Places in Kansas. Great
digitized maps and place databases for the Kansas area.
Land Ownership Maps in the Library of Congress
- Library of
Congress Geography and Maps: An Illustrated Guide.
Library of Congress, Map Collections 1500-2004.
Links to Historical Maps. As part of the Historical Atlas
of the 20th Century site, this page provides a great list of
places to find maps online.
- Map History / History
- Map Links
- Odden's Bookmarks
Map Links - Oxford
Map Machine - National Geographic. Presents a map of the
world, from where you can select geographic areas and enlarge
- MapBlast from
MapMuse.com. Includes interactive mapping of American
- Maps: Alabama
Historical Map Index. This site is created and maintained by
the Department of Geography, University of Alabama.
- MapQuest - Current
maps and access to directions within the USA, and also access
locations outside the US and Canada.
- Maps - Maps by
address, city, phone #, latitude/longitude
at the University of Virginia
- Maps on Us from
- Map24 - Online
mapping at a personal level providing mapping and route
Institute of Technology. Geographic Nameserver.
Online database from which you can obtain the county in which a
town is now located by entering the name of the town and the
- Migration Trails Map. Logan, Utah: Everton, 198?
Milwaukee Neighborhoods: Photos & Maps, 1885-1992.
Milwaukee Neighborhoods: Photos and Maps 1885 - 1992
presents images of Milwaukee neighborhoods from the Far
Northwest Side to the Far South Side. The selection of images is
limited by the current boundaries of the city of Milwaukee. The
digital collection provides a visual documentation of the
development of the city of Milwaukee from the mid-1880s to the
early 1990s. It includes images of residential and industrial
facilities, local businesses, historic buildings, churches, and
numerous Milwaukee parks. 832 photographs were selected from the
collections of the American Geographical Society Library and the
Archives Department at the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee
Libraries. The photos of Milwaukee from 1885 and 1895 come from
two rare books in the Archives' holdings: Milwaukee
and Art Work of Milwaukee. The images of Milwaukee
in the 20th century were selected from three extensive
photograph collections: Roman Kwasniewski Collection and Dennis
Wierzba Collection that are housed in the Archives, and Harold
Mayer Collection, located in the American Geographical Society
Library at UWM Libraries. The image collection is accompanied by
12 maps of Milwaukee from the holdings of the American
Geographical Society Library.
Modern Language Association Language Map
National Archives Map Collection. Includes more than 6
- National Atlas.
From U.S. government.
- National Atlas of Canada
National Geographic Country Profiles (Map Machine). The 2004
National Geographic Atlas of the World, Eighth Edition,
recognizes 192 independent nations. All of these, plus U.S.
states and Canadian provinces, are profiled in the Atlas—and
right here. In each entry you'll find key geographic,
demographic, and economic data as well as a brief overview.
Geographic Maps and Geography. An excellent collection of
- The National
Geospatial Intelligence Agency: GEOnet Names Server (GNS). A
great place to start looking for foreign geographic names.
- The National Map.
United States Geological Survey. The site incorporates the USGS
topographic maps into an interactive system, working with
private partners, and merge topos, aerial photos, and thematic
maps for geographic studies.
A New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States By Thomas
Baldwin and J. Thomas, M.D. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo &
Co. 1854 pp.1302-1307. Contributed by
- New York Public Library
Bookmarks--The Fascinating World of Maps and Mapping.
Everything having to do with maps. It was started in 1995 by
Roelof Oddens, the curator of the Map Library of the Faculty of
GeoSciences, Universiteit Utrecht, Netherlands. The number of
links in the database has grown from a few dozen in 1995 to over
Office of the Coast Survey, Historical Map and Chart Collection.
The Office of Coast Survey's Historical
Map & Chart Collection contains over 20,000 maps and charts from
the late 1700s to present day. The Collection includes some of
the nation's earliest nautical charts, hydrographic surveys,
topographic surveys, geodetic surveys, city plans and Civil War
battle maps. The Collection is a rich primary historical archive
and a testament to the artistry of copper plate engraving
technology of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The
Historical Map & Chart Project scans each map or chart and
offers the images free to the public via the Coast Survey web
site. The Project is managed by the Cartographic & Geospatial
Technology Program of the Coast Survey Development Laboratory.
Old Maps Online. Allows
you to zoom in and view map resources from all over the world.
Includes links to original sites, resources, and more.
Organization of Territories in the United States since 1803
- The Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection
- Pam Rietsch's 1895
Panoramic Maps, 1847-1929. Part of the American Memory Map
Collection from the Library of Congress. The panoramic map was a
popular cartographic form used to depict U.S. and Canadian
cities and towns during the late nineteenth and early twentieth
centuries. Known also as bird's-eye views, perspective maps, and
aero views, panoramic maps are nonphotographic representations
of cities portrayed as if viewed from above at an oblique angle.
Although not generally drawn to scale, they show street
patterns, individual buildings, and major landscape features in
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection. University of Texas,
Austin. Is probably the largest collection of historic maps
Public Land Survey System (PLSS) Township Index Maps
- Quick Maps.
Small GIF maps of the countries of the world.
Railroad Maps, 1828-1900. This web site is part of the
American Memory Map Collections from the Library of Congress. It
is a great source for understanding the evolution of railroads
Rare Map Collection at the Hargrett Library, University of
Refdesk.com: My Facts Page: Atlas and Maps
RootsWeb Town Search - TownCo - Enter the name of a U.S.
town to learn the name of the county where that town is located.
- Sanborn Maps
Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps. The Sanborn map collection
consists of a uniform series of large-scale maps, dating from
1867 to the present and depicting the commercial, industrial,
and residential sections of some twelve thousand cities and
towns in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Starting in
1867, the Sanborn Map Company of Pelham, New York began
producing a series of maps for about 12,000 cities and towns in
the U.S. These historical maps provide a lot of information
about the buildings where people lived or worked. Besides
showing exactly where a building was located, these maps also
show the shape of the building and its construction, the
occupancy, as well as the surrounding buildings and businesses.
The largest collection of Sanborn maps and atlases is preserved
by the Library of Congress. There are an estimated 700,000
Sanborn maps in bound and unbound editions. A list of the
libraries that have duplicate maps from the Library of Congress
is listed on this Berkley site. Univ. of California -- Berkeley
Fire Insurance Maps -- Cyndi's List.
Sanborn Insurance Map Information and Sources.
- Sanborn Maps 1867-1970
(Digital Version). Subscription service.
Sanborn Maps to Research Old Buildings.
- Seltzer, Leon E. Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer of the
World. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962.
Seeker - Shtetl Seeker is a searchable database that
provides information on the location of populated places in
Eastern Europe, many of which no longer exist.
Startpagina -- Geschiedenis-in-kaart. Startpagina is
a Dutch language browser and finding tool for a huge selection
of worldwide categorized subjects, including this page for maps.
- TerraServer Aerial
and topographic maps of the U.S. Microsoft's mapping system.
- TIGER Mapping
Service U.S. Census Bureau Maps and Cartographic Resources
- TopoZone Topographic
map of U.S. Typing a name of a place will take you to a grid
that can be panned up, down, left, right, or enlarged in several
steps. This is a free site, but Topozone Pro is a
subscription service and adds more map options including
satellite and aerial photographs of places.
Data. This program returns the same information as
Locater for a valid legal description within 17 western
states (AR , AZ, CA, CO, ID, KS, MT, ND, NE, NM, NV, OK, OR, SD,
UT, WA and WY).
Union List of Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps Held by Institutions
in the United States and Canada. University of California --
United Nations Cartographic Section
Maps and Geographic Information Resources
- U.S. Atlas - 1895
Census Bureau TIGER Mapping Service. The TIGER
mapping system was designed for creating census enumeration
districts for the 1990 census. The maps were prepared by the
USGS for the Census Bureau, and are derivatives of the USGS
topographic maps. The TIGER system is still supported but will
be replaced by the Census Bureau's new
Census Bureau's U.S. Gazetteer. This is the Census Bureau's
index to place names on the TIGER Mapping System. TIGER was a
joint effort to map census districts for the 1990 census,
working with the USGS. This is a good name list, but it does not
include names of unincorporated towns or places.
Gazetteer - The US Gazetteer is a list of United States
place names that were included in the 1990 census. Since it was
derived from census data, this database only contains names for
Archives, United States Digital Map Library
U.S. Geological Survey. Geographic Names Information System
. Online database from which you can obtain the county in which
a town is now located. For “Feature Name” type in the name of
the town. Choose the name of the state, and choose “populated
place” from the “Feature Type” list. Reflects current and some
historical place names found on USGS topographic maps.
United States Military Academy Atlas Collection.
United States Post Offices. This is a private web site
operated by Jim Forte, a stamp dealer. Included is a list of
186,056 post offices that have existed in the United States. It
is not 100% complete.
Territorial Maps 1775-1920
- U.S. Topographical Maps
- U.S.G.S. Geographic
Names Information Service - Includes maps.
University of Houston Digital Maps. Historical maps.
Using Maps in Genealogy. By U.S.G.S.
- Vintage City Maps.
Has some older New York and Boston maps.
Western Migration Map. From Joanne Todd Rabun.
World Atlas: Maps and Geography of the World
World Factbook. CIA maps and publications.
- Worldwide Directory of
Cities and Towns
- The Yale Map Collection.
- Atlases of Historical County Boundaries. New York:
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1997
- Cobb, David A., comp. Guide to U.S. Map Resources.
Chicago: American Library Association, 1986.
- Cohen, Saul B., editor. The Columbia Gazetteer of North
America. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000. Is
available at Bartleby.com Great Books Online <http://www.bartleby.com>
- Commercial Atlas & Marketing Guide, 136th edition, 2
volumes. Chicago: Rand McNally, 2005. The second volume indexes
123,000 place names.
- Dollarhide, William. Map Guide to American Migration
Routes, 1735-1815. North Salt Lake, Utah: Heritage Quest,
1997, 2003. Identifies the important overland routes.
- Family Maps Land Patent Books Series. Norman, Oklahoma:
Arphax Publishing Company. Collections of historical and modern
maps that show the location of General Land Office patents with
patentee's names, cemetery locations, drainage features,
railroads, and modern roads broken down by township for selected
- Kashuba, Melinda. "Charting a Research Course Using Maps and
Geography." NGS NewsMagazine. Volume 31
- Kashuba, Melinda. "Turn Up the Heat with Fire Insurance
Maps." NGS NewsMagazine, (April/May/June 2006): 26-29.
- Kirkham, E. Kay. A Handy Guide to Record-Searching in the
Larger Cities of the United States. Logan, Utah: Everton
Publishers, 1974. This book has indexes and maps for a number of
U.S. cities including New York and Chicago.
- Library of Congress. Geography and Map Division. Reference
and Bibliography Section. Fire Insurance Maps in the Library
of Congress: Plans of North American Cities and Towns Produced
by the Sanborn Map Company: A Checklist. Washington, D.C.:
Library of Congress, 1981.
- Long, John H., ed. Historical Atlas and Chronology of
County Boundaries, 1788–1980. Scale: 1:633,600. Vols. 1–5.
Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, 1984. Maps show when and where each
county changed boundaries.
- Moffat, Riley Moore. Occasional paper: Western
Association of Map Libraries, no. 10. Santa Cruz, Calif.:
Western Association of Map Libraries, 1986. Use a state map to
find the quadrangle number. Then find the number in the state's
map list to learn the name of the quadrangle.
- Newberry Library. Checklist of Printed Maps of the Middle
West to 1900. Boston : G.K. Hall, 1980. - The eleven volumes
list all known pre-1900 plat maps and plat books for the state
- Munro, David, editor. The Cambridge World Gazetteer: A
Geographical Dictionary. New York: Cambridge University
- Oswald, Diane L. Fire Insurance Maps Their History and
Applications. College Station, Texas: Lacewing Press, 1997.
- Parry, R.B. and C.R. Perkins. World Mapping Today.
2nd edition. Munich, Germany: K.G. Saur, 2002. Summarizes the
state of mapping worldwide by nation.
- Sayre, Rick G. "Urban Maps: Putting It All Together."
Genealogical Computing, 21 (January/February/March 2002):
- Shelley, Michael H. Ward Maps of United States Cities: A
Selective Checklist of Pre-1900 Maps in the Library of Congress.
Washington, D.C.: s.n., 1975.
- Thiry, Christopher J.J. The Guide to U.S. Map Resources.
3rd edition. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2005. Describes
more than 500 collections and includes extensive indexing, which
will help in identifying map collections that may contain
- United States. Geological Survey. Topographic Maps of the
United States. Scale varies. Suitland, Md.: National
Archives and Records Service, 1976-. These maps were originally
published from 1884 to 1983. The maps are arranged by the name
of the quadrangle within each state. States are not in
- Ward Maps of United States Cities. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1975?