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German Genealogy

Oldenburg

(Großherzogtum / Grandduchy) [Presently in Niedersachsen]

Some basic facts about Oldenburg: (from Uncapher, Wendy K. and Linda M. Herrick. German Maps & Facts for Genealogy. Janesville, Wisconsin: Origins Books, 2002)

  • Oldenburg owned Principality of Lübeck from 1813-1937 and owned Birkenfeld from 1815-1937.

  • Size: 2,476 square miles

  • Population: 1816 - 182,312; 1828 - 203,415; 1840 - 217,325; 1855 - 286,793; 1864 - 301,812; 1871 - 314,591; 1875 - 319,314 (158,319 males and 160,995 females)

  • Dominant Religion: Protestant (1871 - Evangelical - 242,945; Catholic - 71,205; Other - 952; Jewish - 1,484; Non-Christian - 54)

  • Since 1949 part of: Neidersachsen

  • Formerly: Duchy

  • Prussian: No

  • Principal crops: wheat, oats, rye, hemp, rape

  • Livestock: sheep, cattle, horses

  • Industry: woolen and cotton products, cigars, distilleries, glass making, rope

  • Minerals: iron

  • Rivers: Weser, Hunte, Hase, Leda

Some basic facts about Principality of Birkenfeld:

  • Owned by Oldenburg from 1815-1937

  • Size: 312 square miles

  • Population: 1815 - 19,860; 1832 - 24,525; 1843 - 29,480

  • Since 1937 part of: Rhineland

  • Prussian: 1937-1947

  • Located about 150 miles south of duchy of Oldenburg

Some basic facts about Principality of Lübeck:

  • Owned by Oldenburg from 1813-1937

  • Size: 209 square miles

  • Population: 1819 - 18,692; 1835 - 19,700; 1850 - 22,146

  • Since 1937 part of: Schleswig-Holstein

  • Prussian: 1937-1947

  • Located between Holstein and city of Lübeck

Resources

Oldenburg - Genealogy.net