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German Genealogy

Preußen (Prussia)

(Königreich / Kingdom)

Preußen was a kingdom and the largest state in the Second German Empire. Other German kingdoms ruled over by kings (Könige) included Württemberg and Bayern (Bavaria).

The kingdom of Preußen flourished after it was united with other German states to form the Second German Empire in 1871. The state was not abolished until 1947. Prussia was one of 17 German states and it consisted of 12 provinces, plus the "Reichsland" Elsaß-Lorraine.

The Kingdom of Prussia included the following provinces:

  • Brandenburg, 1415 (Today in Germany and Poland)

  • Hannover, 1866 (Today in Germany)

  • Hessen-Nassau, 1867 (Today in Germany)

  • Hohenzollern, 1415 (Today in Germany)

  • Ostpreußen / East Prussia, 1813 (Today in Poland and former USSR)

  • Pommern, / Pomerania, 1648, 1720 (Swedish Pommern 1815) (Today some in Germany, but most in Poland)

  • Posen, 1793 (Today in Poland)

  • Rheinland / Rheinprovinz, 1814/1824 (Today in Germany and some in Belgium)

  • Provinz Sachsen / Province of Saxony, 1816 (Today in Germany)

  • Schlesien / Silesia, 1742 (Today in Poland and Czech Republic)

  • Schleswig-Holstein, 1864 (Today in Germany and Denmark)

  • Westfalen / Westphalia, 1815 (Today in Germany)

  • Westpreußen / West Prussia, 1772, 1793 (Today in Poland)

Some basic facts about Prussia: (from Uncapher, Wendy K. and Linda M. Herrick. German Maps & Facts for Genealogy. Janesville, Wisconsin: Origins Books, 2002)

  • Population: 1816 - 10,349,031; 1822 - 11,664,133; 1834 - 13,038,960; 1843 - 15,471,765; 1855 - 17,739,913; 1871 - 24,639,706

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