Between 1763 (Prussia) and 1835 (Saxony), the former German provinces formally established general compulsory school attendance. Many local archives have files on private and public schools; however, most of the schools' records cover only administrative issues. Lists with names and personal data of students are the exception and are more common among collections from institutions of higher education.
As Schlweswig and Holstein had close ties to Denmark, it should be noted that Denmark established schools throughout the land by 1741. In several Danish provinces, schools took censuses in the 1730s and 1740s that listed each student's age, education level, and attendance.