Family History and Genealogy Services

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Genealogy Resources


Newspapers play a vital role in genealogical research. While giving a daily account of the events in a community, the newspaper may include details on the life of an ancestor and his neighbors. The immediate use of the newspaper for the genealogist lies in coverage of deaths, including obituaries, notices, burial permits, cemetery plot purchase, probate or legal notices, news of accidents or injuries, or local society events and stories. Newspapers cover marriages, including licenses, local society news, engagements, and anniversary announcements. Also covered are birth announcements giving information on parents and siblings.  Additional information that can be found in land transfers or sales and property taxes. Some other sources includes: news stories, coverage of accidents and disasters, estate sales, tax sales, society news, lodge and club activities, school event, business advertisements, year end summary of deaths, accidents and tragedies, list of churches and their ministers, pastors, etc., railroad and ship arrivals, and stories that help tell about the world in which people lived.

The Library of Congress has the largest newspaper collection in the country. The library maintains one of the most extensive newspaper collections in the world. It is exceptionally strong in US newspapers, with 9,000 titles covering the past three centuries. With over 25,000 non-US titles, it is the largest collection of overseas newspapers in the world. Beyond its newspaper holdings, the Serial and Government Publications Division also has extensive collections of current periodicals (70,000 titles).

The State Historical Society of Wisconsin holds the second largest newspaper collection in the nation. More than 15,000 titles from the United States and Canada from the late 17th century to today's New York Times. The collection is national in scope with strengths in colonial newspapers, ethnic and labor newspapers, and papers from the major cities. Wisconsin predominates with from three-fourths of all the issues published in Wisconsin. See Newspapers in the State Historical Society of Wisconsin: A Bibliography with Holdings.

See a listing of available Newspapers by State and European Newspapers below.

  • Accessible Archives Inc. Subscription site. Primary Source Material from
    18th & 19th Century Periodicals.

  • America's Historical Newspapers, Readex. This growing collection of fully searchable historical American and Hispanic American newspapers is the most extensive resource of its kind. With nearly 2,000 titles from all 50 states. ($$- Requires paid subscription)
  • America's Newspapers. Local, regional, and national U.S. newspapers searchable nationwide or by state. Must be accessed through a public library onsite or online, depending on your library. From Newsbank. (Requires subscription)
  • America's Obituaries 1977 to current (GenealogyBank subscription site)
    Obituaries contain helpful information such as names, dates, places of birth, death, marriage and family information. Over 26+ million obituaries make this the most complete collection from the 20th and 21st centuries - includes over 1,000 U.S. newspapers. New content added daily.
  • Ancestry. com -- Historical Newspapers, Birth, Marriage, & Death Announcements, 1851-2003. This database is a collection of birth, marriage, and death announcements from several major U.S. newspapers for a variety of years. Images of the original newspapers are included. Subscription product. This database was acquired from the ProQuest Historical Newspapers collection.
  • Ancestry's Historical Newspaper Collection. ($$ - Requires paid membership)
  • Ancestry's Newspaper Obituary Database - A huge collection of millions of obituaries from over 100 newspapers from around the world. ($$ - Requires paid membership)
  • Archiver Unbound is the premiere place to go for information: an archive portal of newspapers, magazines, journals, and other special content. From ProQuest.
  • Arndt, Karl and May Olson. German-American Newspapers and Periodicals, 1732-1955. 2nd edition. Heidelberg, Germany: Quelle und Meyer, 1965.
  • Associated Press History. History and archives.
  • Bell & Howell Information Company. Catalog of Newspapers on Microfilm.
  • A Brief History of Newspapers. By Phil Barber.
  • Brigham, Clarence S. History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820. 2 vols. 1947. Reprint, Hamden, Conn.: Archon Books, 1962. Guide to early American newspapers and the location of their extant issues. Available in larger libraries.
  • Brigham, Clarence S. "Additions and Corrections to History and Bibliography of American Newspapers." Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, 72 (1971), pp. 15 ff.
  • Catalogs of Newspaper Holdings on the Internet. From the Library of Congress.

  • Centennial Newspaper Exhibition, 1876. A complete listing of every paper published in the United States at the time of publication, along with circulation and demographic statistics. The entire book can be downloaded, free of charge.

  • Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. Search America's historic newspapers pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress.
  • CRL Catalog (via telnet) The Center for Research Libraries' Online Public Access Catalog (385,000 records). Includes monographs, newspapers, serials, archival materials in microform, acquisitions records, and serial check-in records. Login and password are both "guest."
  • CRL Databases Webbed subsets of the above catalog. Includes Foreign Newspapers and the Ethnic Press.
  • Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. This site allows you to search and read newspaper pages from 1836-1922 and find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress as part of the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP).

  • Family Search Labs Research Wiki.

  • Fold3. Is a subscription database whose primary focus is U.S. military records. It does provide access to a substantial number of digitized newspapers for varying time periods. $

  • FootNote. Newspapers. ($$- Requires paid subscription).

  • Free Newspaper Archives. A listing of available digitized newspapers.

  • Gale/Cengage Learning Databases. Includes: [London] Times Digital Archive; 17th and 18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers; 19th Century British Library Newspapers Part I and Part II; and 19th Century U.S. Newspapers.

  • Gale Directory of Publications and Broadcast Media (formerly Ayer Directory of Publications). Detroit: Gale Research Co., 1869- (annual). Currently published newspapers listed by state and city, with the year established and the address. Available in many libraries.
  • Genealogical Data from Colonial New Haven Newspapers.

  • GenealogyBank. Subscription site. Historical Newspapers.   1690 - 1977 
    Quickly find names and keywords in over 106+ million articles, obituaries, marriage notices, birth announcements and other items published in more than 500,000 issues of over 2,300 historical U.S. newspapers. New content added monthly. America's Obituaries   1977 to current. Obituaries contain helpful information such as names, dates, places of birth, death, marriage and family information. Over 26+ million obituaries make this the most complete collection from the 20th and 21st centuries - includes over 1,000 U.S. newspapers. New content added daily.

  • GenealogyBank Newspapers. Source list.

  • Google News. News Archive Search. Some results are free to access, while others lead to fee-based services.
  • Gregory, Winifred. American Newspapers, 1821-1936: A Union List of Files Available in the United States and Canada. 1937. Reprint, New York: Kraus Reprint Corp., 1967. American newspapers and the location of their extant issues, beginning where Brigham’s guide ends. Available in larger libraries.
  • Historic Newspaper Archives. Original newspapers from around the world.
  • Historical Newspapers.   1690 - 1977  (GenealogyBank subscription site)
    Quickly find names and keywords in over 106+ million articles, obituaries, marriage notices, birth announcements and other items published in more than 500,000 issues of over 2,300 historical U.S. newspapers. New content added monthly.
  • Historical Newspapers and Indexes On The Internet - USA A Genealogy Research Guide. This portal part is part of the Genealogy Research Guides series. This is not an extensive list of newspaper sites, but it is well organized (by state). 
  • History Buff's Home Page. By the Newspaper Collectors Society of America.
  • The History of Printing and Printing Processes. From Mary Bellis.
  • History of the National Newspaper Association. The National Newspaper Association was founded as the National Editorial Association on February 19, 1885 in New Orleans, Louisiana. Fifty newspaper men and two women answered the call of Benjamin Briggs Herbert, publisher of the Red Wing (MN) Advance-Republican, to form a non-profit association to promote the common interests of newspapers.

  • History of the Printed Newspaper -- Design and Printing Tips.
  • - Links to newspapers.

  • ICON: International Coalition on Newspapers/ Newspaper Digitization Projects.   This page highlights and links to past, present, and prospective digitization projects of historic newspapers. The focus is primarily on digital conversion efforts, not full-text collections of current news sources.

  • IFLA - USA Directory of Newspaper Collections.  This Directory originates with a Survey carried out recently by the former Round Table on Newspapers of IFLA, to secure information relating to National newspaper collection policies and procedures. This directory is being given wider circulation by the IFLA Newspapers Section to disseminate knowledge of newspaper collections.

  • International News Archives on the Web (Special Libraries Association).
  • Internet Public Library Newspapers - Access to current newspapers. Choose by country and state.

  • Jeffrey A. Bockman's Links for Genealogical Research on the Internet.  
  • Lathem, Edward. Chronological Tables of American Newspapers, 1690-1820. Barre, Massachusetts: American Antiquarian Society and Barre Publ., 1972.
  • - Hosts the obituary sites of more than 200 leading U.S. newspapers.
  • Library of Congress. Newspaper Archives and Morgues.
  • Library of Congress. Newspapers in Microform. The list of newspaper titles includes the latest microfilm projects as part of the national microfilming projects, as well as microfilmed titles from much earlier.

  • Library of Congress/ Newspaper and Current Periodical Reading Room.

  • The Linotype Machine: Thomas Edison Called It the "Eighth Wonder of the World." University of Richmond.
  • Milner, Anita Cheek. Newspaper Indexes: A Location and Subject Guide for Researchers. 3 volumes. Metuchen, New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1977-82.
  • Mott, Frank Luther. American Journalism: A History of Newspapers in the United States through 260 Years. Rev. edition. New York: Macmillan, 1950.

  • NameTraq. This web site identifies surnames in the news. It searches more than 1600 news sources and includes more than 25,000 surnames in the United States.
  • National Endowment for the Humanities Newspaper Program. The United States Newspaper Program is a cooperative national effort among the states and the federal government to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States from the eighteenth century to the present.

  • Newseum - Newspaper Front Pages. Read today's headlines from more than 300 U.S. and international newspaper front pages.

  • Newsbank. In addition to meeting the news and information needs of public libraries, schools, universities and several other organizations, NewsBank offers the general public convenient Web-based access to select market-leading resources for research. NewsBank’s direct-to-consumer services feature unlimited, 24/7 Web-based access and powerful search capabilities that enable consumers to quickly and easily pinpoint information from tens of millions of current and archived articles. ($$- Requires paid subscription)
  • NewsIndex, a global search engine for newspaper archives.
  • Newspaper Abstracts - Its goal is to become a complete resource for family history research using newspapers.  The site continues to grow with an average of over 350 new items added each month and currently contains over 19055 abstracts and extracts from historical newspapers.
  • - Search an online database of scanned newspapers of over 120 million pages from US & Canada. This is the largest historical newspaper archive online. ( $$ - Subscription site).
  • Newspaper Collection at the State Library of Victoria Australia. The Library's Newspaper Collection is one of the largest in Australia. It has an extensive range of Victorian metropolitan, suburban and regional newspapers, as well as selected interstate and international papers.
  • Newspapers at the National Library of Canada. The new Library and Archives Canada website integrates the former National Library of Canada and National Archives of Canada websites.
  • Newspapers in Microform, United States, 1948-1983, 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1984. Bibliography of American newspapers that have been reproduced on microfilm. The years in the title refers to the years of data collection, not to the years of publication of the newspapers. Available in larger libraries.
  • Newspaper Indexes. From RootsWeb. So far, the listings span a hodgepodge of papers from 15 states.
  • Newspapers Mailing Lists. By John Fullers on RootsWeb.


  • Online Historical Newspapers Website. A matrix of digitized newspapers and where they are located, including whether they are free or accessible for a fee.

  • Online Newspapers from Around the World. From the Internet Public Library.


  • Paper of Record. Has more than 21 million scanned images of newspapers from the U.S., U.K., Canada, Mexico, France, Ireland, Spain and Australia. Subscription site.
  • Parsons, Henry S. A Checklist of American Eighteenth Century Newspapers in the Library of Congress. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1936.
  • Proquest Archives An archive portal of newspapers, magazines, journals, and other special content.
  • ProQuest Historical Newspapers Online. ($$- Requires paid subscription). Available at larger libraries.
  • Readex. Review articles and informational pieces about the Early American Newspaper Collections.
  • Renkiewicz, Frank and Anne Bjorkquist. A Guide to Polish American Newspapers and Periodicals in Microform. Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota: University of Minnesota, 1988.
  • Setterdahl, Lilly. Swedish American Newspapers. Rock Island, Illinois: Augustana College Library, 1981.
  • Shurtliff, Joan. "Newspapers, Technology, and What They Mean to a Genealogist." NGS NewsMagazine 34, 1 (January-March 2008): 31-34.

  • SLA News Archives. This page links to news archives, information about archives that have changed because of the New York Times, Co. vs. Tasini ruling, and resources about archiving the news.

  • SmallTownPapers. Newspaper pages from small towns across America. Lists over 320 small town newspapers you can read free every week. Free site.
  • The Stars and Stripes (in France) -- 1918-1919. From February 8, 1918, to June 13, 1919, by order of General John J. Pershing, the United States Army published a newspaper for its forces in France, The Stars and Stripes. This online collection, presented by the Serial and Government Publications Division of the Library of Congress, includes the complete seventy-one-week run of the newspaper's World War I edition.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, editors. "Newspapers Sources by State." The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry Publishing Co., 1996. pp. 428-438.
  • Stamm, Patricia. "Black and White and Read All Over." National Genealogical Society News Magazine (April/May/June 2005)
  • Trager, James. The People's Chronology: A Year-By-Year Record of Human Events from Prehistory to the Present. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1992.
  • U.S. News Archives on the Web, the most comprehensive list on the Internet (maintained by the Special Libraries Association).
  • United States Newspaper List (N-NET)

  • USNPL - Listing and links of U.S. and world newspapers.
  • US Newspaper Program Web Sites List (from the National Endowment for the Humanities)  The United States Newspaper Program is a cooperative national effort among the states and the federal government to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States from the eighteenth century to the present.

  • Wikipedia - List of Online Newspaper Archives. This is a list of free and pay wall blocked digital online newspaper archives. Most were scanned from microfilm and stored in gif or similar format until converted to text with optical character recognition (OCR). The OCR in most cases is used to create the index of searchable text, but some newspapers don't allow access to the OCR-converted text until it has been proofread. Older newspapers are still in image format, and newer newspapers are available as full text that can be cut and pasted. Most text is in ASCII, some are using Unicode for diacritical marks not available in ASCII.

  • World Newspaper Archive, Readex. Representing the largest fully searchable collection of historical newspapers from around the globe, the World Newspaper Archive was created in partnership between Readex, a division of NewsBank, and the Center for Research Libraries to advance research opportunities across a wide range of academic disciplines. To include historical newspapers published in Africa, Europe, Latin America, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East and other regions, this expansive resource can be cross-searched with America's Historical Newspapers for unprecedented coverage of the people, cultures, issues and events that have shaped world history. ($$- Requires paid subscription).
  • World Vital Records. The historic newspaper databases come from and ($$ - Subscription product).
  • Wynar, Lubomyr R. and Anna T. Wynar. Encyclopedic Directory of Ethnic Newspapers and Periodicals in the United States. Littleton, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, 1976.

Newspapers by State

  • Gentry Courier Journal (Arkansas). Originally called Orchard City, Gentry newspaper archives gives a good look at 19th and early 20th century life in the Ozarks.
  • Features old newspaper articles from or about Connecticut and Connecticut families. 
  • Connelley, William E. History of Kansas Newspapers: A History of the Newspapers and Magazines Published in Kansas from the Organization of Kansas Territory, 1854, to January 1, 1916. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas State Printing Plant, 1916.

  • Kansas Memory site, from the Kansas Historical Society, has thousands of digital items, including several hundred newspaper articles from the 1800′s and early 1900′s. Includes newspapers from Topeka, Wichita, and Lawrence, among others.
  • Maryland State Archives: Newspapers. Sporadic coverage of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

  • Wright, F. Edward. Western Maryland Newspaper Abstracts: A Compilation of Items Taken from  the Available Newspapers of Hagerstown and Frederick. 2 volumes. Silver Spring, Maryland: Family Line Publications, 1985.
  • America's First Newspaper. America's first continuously-published newspaper, the Boston News-Letter published its first issue on April 24, 1704. John Campbell, a bookseller and postmaster of Boston, was its first editor, printing the newspaper on what was then referred to as a half-sheet. It originally appeared on a single page, printed on both sides and issued weekly.

  • Genealogical Column of the Boston Transcript, 1906-1941: Index. Microfiche at Allen County, Indiana Public Library.

  • Gutgesell, Stephen, editor. Guide to Ohio Newspapers, 1793-1973. Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Historical Society, 1974.

  • Harris, Ruth-Ann and Donald M. Jacobs, and Emer O'Keefe. The Search for Missing Friends: Irish Immigrant Advertisements Placed in the Boston Pilot. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1989-96.

  • Sturgis Library, Barnstable, Massachusetts. Newspaper Indexes. Includes the digital archive of the Barnstable Patriot newspaper covering Cape Cod and the Islands from 1830 to 1930. Also available is the Provincetown Banner and The Advocate, 1918 and 1931-67 (1935 missing). Full text search, and image retrieval.
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
  • Jones, Roger C. Guide to North Carolina Newspapers on Microfilm. Raleigh, North Carolina: Department of Cultural Resources, Division of Archives and History, 1982.

  • North Carolina Digitization Project. In 2009, the North Carolina State Archives completed a project to digitize newspapers from it's collection that were, up until that time, only available on microfilm. These materials include papers dating from 1752-1890s from cities like Edenton (1787-1801), Fayetteville (1798-1795), Hillsboro (1786), New Bern (1751-1804), Salisbury (1799-1898), and Wilmington (1765-1816) - a total of 23,483 digital images that are keyword searchable.

  • North Carolina Newspapers. Over 2,000 newspapers have been published in North Carolina since the North Carolina Gazette first appeared in New Bern in 1751. Many North Carolina newspapers have been microfilmed by the North Carolina State Archives and are available for use at the Government and Heritage Library. In 2009, the State Archives of North Carolina completed a project to digitize newspapers from its collection that were, up until that time, only available on microfilm. These materials include papers dating from 1752-1890s from cities like Edenton (1787-1801), Fayetteville (1789-1795), Hillsboro (1786), New Bern (1751-1804), Salisbury (1799-1898), and Wilmington (1765-1816) - a total of 23,483 digital images that are keyword searchable.
North Dakota
  • Clegg, Michael Barren  et al. Ohio Newspaper Abstracts Series, Volumes 1-5. D Decorah, Iowa: Anudsen Publishing Co., 1981-1987.

  • Cleveland, Ohio Press, 1878-1982.  Comprised of hundreds of thousands of clippings and photographs, The Cleveland Press Collection is the former editorial library, or "morgue," of The Cleveland Press and is now part of Cleveland State University Library's Special Collections. The last of Cleveland's daily afternoon newspapers, The Cleveland Press was published from 1878 until 1982.
South Carolina
South Dakota
  • The Tennessee Newspaper Project - Newspaper Holdings Survey. The Tennessee Newspaper Project sent a newspaper holdings survey to almost 900 Tennessee institutions (libraries, historical societies, court houses, newspaper publishers offices, museums, etc.) in 1994. The survey was conducted to begin gathering information on American newspapers held in Tennessee. Information collected from the survey was entered into an in-house database and most of the information is available to public through a searchable version of the database on the web.
  • Thatcher, Linda. Guide to Newspapers Located in the Utah State Historical Society Library. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah State Historical Society, 1985.
  • Utah Digital Newspapers. Over 500,000 pages have been digitized, with an every-name/keyword index to the entire collection.

European Newspapers

  • Finnish Historical Newspapers — 1771-1890. Quite a deep collection of dozens of newspapers, almost a million digitized pages, in all. Searchable in Finnish.
  • French Newspaper Archives. These are not searchable, but full page images can be retrieved by date. Date coverage is poorly described, but coverage includes Le Figaro, Le Temps, Le Croix, and others, chiefly from the 1800s to early 1900s. Look under "Periodicals."

  • La Gazette de France, 1786. Issues 1-104.

  • Mercure Francois, 1605-1643, France’s oldest newspaper, is another French resource, more wonderful than most. Browse by date, but no text searching available.
United Kingdom and Ireland
  • British Library Newspaper Library. The national archive collections in the United Kingdom of British and overseas newspapers.

  • British Newspaper Archive. The British Newspaper Archive is a partnership between the British Library and brightsolid online publishing to digitize up to 40 million newspaper pages from the British Library's vast collection over the next 10 years. Search millions of articles by keyword, name, location, date or title and watch your results appear in an instant.
  • Galway Advertiser, Ireland 1970-2010. All issues of the Galway Advertiser from 1970 to date are available here to search and browse. Full and free access is available to everyone to search and browse the archive, the only limitation is on the download of pdf documents.

  • The Guardian (UK) Free vintage content for the past century.

  • Guardian and Observer Digital Archive -- UK National Newspapers. This archive will eventually contain the digital reproduction of every page, article and advert published in the Guardian (since 1821) and the Observer (since 1791 – the oldest Sunday paper in the world). For this launch the archive covers the period of 1821-1975 for the Guardian and 1900-1975 for the Observer as we are still working on digitizing the remaining material. From early 2008 onwards the entire archive up to 2003 will be available – more than 1.2m pages covering all major historic events over 212 years as reported at the time.

  • Internet Library of Early Journals: A Digital Library of 18th and 19th Century Journals are online, covering roughly 1750-1850. Three 18th-century journals: Gentleman's Magazine The Annual Register Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.  Three 19th-century journals: Notes and Queries The Builder Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine.

  • Irish Newspaper Archive - the world's largest online database of Irish Newspapers offers varied newspapers and date ranges, some as early as 1763. Free to search, but it will cost to retrieve full text. The national newspapers give a unique perspective on national and international events through the Irish news press, while the local titles are a wonderful resource for all those interested in genealogical research and local history investigations.

  • Last Chance to Read (1710-1870). A subscription site, but it’s free to search and view snippets. The collection is unusual enough to warrant including. About 100 papers, including The British Spy, Figaro and the London Evening Post.

  • London Gazette. The official newspaper of record in the United Kingdom. Includes legal notices, including insolvency notices, required by law to be published in London. Available online from 1900.

  • Mirrorpix Digital Archive (The Daily Mirror -- London). Mirror Archive is a new website from The Daily Mirror that allows you to find stories from our archives - dating all the way back to 1903 and the beginning of the 20th Century. Subscription site.

  • NCSE: Nineteenth Century Serials Edition A recent and important addition to online archives, the NCSE collection covers most of the 19th century. Its newspaper and magazine sources include Monthly Repository (1806-1837) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Northern Star (1838-1852), Leader (1850-1860), English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), Tomahawk (1867-1870). and Publishers’ Circular (1880-1890).

  • Palmer's Index to the Times (London), 1790-1905. Vadus Kraus Reprint Ltd.

  • The Scotsman Digital Archive, 1817 to 1950. Scottish history, free to search, results show headline only. You have to pay for full copies.

  • UK Gazettes offer 350 years of official government notices from London, Belfast and Edinburgh. The Advanced Search feature allows you to select historical events, such as World War I or II, the Great Fire of London (1666),  the  Death of Napoleon (1821), and famous battles from Trafalgar (1805) to the Falklands (1982). Full-text searching and PDF results.

  • UK Newspaper Archives. An alternative write-up at of many of the sources presented here.

  • Villanova University Digital Library. Newspapers, periodicals, and serials from the collection of Joseph McGarrity. A number of Irish and Irish-American publications here, including Irish Press (1918-22), Irish Tribune (1848), and the Irish Felon (1848). Some non-Irish materials as well.